Cavities or holes on teeth are nothing but tooth decay, caused by plaque forming bacteria which clings on surface of tooth and turns sugars from food and beverages into acids eating away the enamel surface of your teeth.
Not only children ( See children dentistry), but teens and adults can also suffer from tooth decay. A routine dental examination can help in early detection of cavities.
To prevent tooth decay always use fluoridated toothpaste and brush your teeth twice a day .
Avoid snacking in between meals, limit intake of sugary and acidic food and drinks.
Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush.
Clean between your teeth by flossing at least once a day.
Eat a balanced diet, and try to avoid extra-sugary treats.
Remember to schedule regular checkups with your dentist every six months for a professional teeth cleaning.
Cavities on teeth once formed are irreversible, in initial stages it can appear as white spot which can be treated with fluoride application by your dentist, at later stage the dentist will remove the decayed portion and restore it with a filling.
If it has gone deeper into tooth reaching nerves and blood vessels, then you might need a root canal therapy or possibly an extraction.
Your dentist will also be able to tell you which of the different types of cavities you have smooth surface, Pit and Fissure or Root.
Once a cavity has penetrated the dentin, you won’t be able to get rid of it at home.
Many dental problems, even deep cavities, develop without any pain or other symptoms. Regular dental checkups are the best way to catch a cavity before it gets worse. Early diagnosis means easier treatment.